I have been posting about the UN Human Development Report (HDR) over the past few weeks. In the previous posts, I described the different measures of human development used in the HDR. In this post, I am going to show you where the US ranks compared to other countries.
In terms of the Human Development Index (HDI), the US ranks 4th overall with a score of .902. Only Norway, Australia, and New Zealand rank better than the US. But, the news is not all good for the US, when adjusted for inequality (the Inequality-adjusted HDI or IHDI), that score falls to .799, which represents a loss of about 11% and a change in rank from 4th to 13th. Based on the data provided in the report’s Statistical Annex, the loss appears to be due to a 23.5% loss in the income index. While the losses in life-expectancy and education were 6% and 3.2% respectively. What this says to me is that while life expectancy and education are relatively equal in the US, there is a wide gap in disposable income.
The Gender Inequality Index (GII) shows another not so positive aspect of human development in the US. I say this because we rank 37th overall with a score of .400. This is just above China at .405 and just below Bulgaria at .399. Female population with at least secondary education is the only bright spot in the indicators used to measure the GII. Only 9 other countries with a very high HDI scores had a higher maternal mortality ratio than the US. Only one country (Barbados) with a very high HDI had a higher adolescent fertility rate than the US. Eleven countries with a very high HDI had a less female representation in their parliament than the US. Finally, 13 countries with a very high HDI had lower female participation in the labor market than the US.
The US was not ranked on the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), but based on the indicators described in the previous post, I would venture that our MPI would be low when compared to other countries.
To view the entire report, click here.